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«Biogeosystem Technique» – scientific journal.

E-ISSN 2413-7316

Publication frequency – issued 2 times a year.

Issued from 2014.

2 December 24, 2017

Relevant Topic

1. Valentin T. Cheshko, Valery I. Glazko, Yulia V. Kosova
Bioethics: Reincarnation of Natural Philosophy in Modern Science

Biogeosystem Technique, 2017, 4(2): 111-121.
DOI: 10.13187/bgt.2017.2.111CrossRef

The theory of evolution of complex and comprising of human systems and algorithm for its constructing are the synthesis of evolutionary epistemology, philosophical anthropology and concrete scientific empirical basis in modern (transdisciplinary) science. «Trans-disciplinary» in the context is interpreted as a completely new epistemological situation, which is fraught with the initiation of a civilizational crisis. Philosophy and ideology of technogenic civilization is based on the possibility of unambiguous demarcation of public value and descriptive scientific discourses (1), and the object and subject of the cognitive process (2). Both of these attributes are no longer valid. For mass, everyday consciousness and institutional philosophical tradition it is intuitively obvious that having the ability to control the evolutionary process, Homo sapiens came close to the borders of their own biological and cultural identity. The spontaneous coevolutionary process of interaction between the «subject» (rational living organisms) and the «object» (material world), is the teleological trend of the movement towards the complete rationalization of the World as It Is, its merger with the World of Due. The stratification of the global evolutionary process into selective and semantic (teleological) coevolutionary and therefore ontologically inseparable components follows. With the entry of anthropogenic civilization into the stage of the information society, firsty, the post-academic phase of the historical evolution of scientific rationality began, the attributes of which are the specific methodology of scientific knowledge, scientific ethos and ontology. Bioethics as a phenomenon of intellectual culture represents a natural philosophical core of modern post-academic (human-dimensional) science, in which the ethical neutrality of scientific theory principle is inapplicable, and elements of public-axiological and scientific-descriptive discourses are integrated into a single logic construction. As result, hermeneutics precedes epistemology not only methodologically, but also meaningfully, and natural philosophy is regaining the status of the backbone of the theory of evolution – in an explicit form.

URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516195513.pdf
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Articles and Statements

2. Vyacheslav S. Anisimov, Dmitry V. Dikarev, Valery V. Ivanov, Tatyana V. Perevolotskaya, Lydia N. Anisimova, Ilya V. Kochetkov, Andrey V. Tomson, Larisa I. Ratnikova, Andrey I. Sanzharov
The Study of the Combined Effect of Soil Properties on the Rate of Diffusion of 60Co

Biogeosystem Technique, 2017, 4(2): 122-139.
DOI: 10.13187/bgt.2017.2.122CrossRef

During the laboratory experiment, devoted to studying of the process of vertical migration 60Co radionuclide/in water-saturated soil samples of disturbed structure and the same initial bulk density, there were obtained the values of effective diffusion coefficients (Deff 60Co) for 8 different types, species and varieties of soils. There was noted a significant variability of Deff 60Co for investigated soils due to different soil characteristics. To assess this influence a statistical approach has been used, where edaphic factors representing the most important characteristics of the soils acted as independent variables (predictors), and the dependent (resulting) variable was Deff 60Co. Based on the study of the dependence between the main physico-chemical soil properties and the magnitude of effective diffusion coefficients (Deff 60Co) the selected physico-chemical characteristics of soils were ranked by degree of influence on the value of the dependent variable: pHKCl > (fr.<0.01) > Corg. There was also identified the contribution of each of the selected indicators of soils state (independed variables) in varying of Deff 60Co. The contribution for pHKCl, (fr.<0.01), and Corg was, respectively, 36,32; 27.90 and 17,08 %. During the experiments revealed a particularly strong increase in the Deff 60Co for soils with high content of humus in conditions of excessive moisture.

URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516394519.pdf
Number of views: 1360      Download in PDF

3. Arthur G. Jablokow, Andrew A. Skrynnik, Feodor K. Orekhov, Philipp A. Nasirov, Oleg V. Gradov
“MALDI-FLIP-on-a-chip” and “MALDI-FRAP-on-a-flap”: Novel Techniques for Soil Microbiology and Environmental Biogeochemistry. I – MALDI Chip Fingerprinting (Invited Paper)

Biogeosystem Technique, 2017, 4(2): 140-188.
DOI: 10.13187/bgt.2017.2.140CrossRef

Novel approaches for verifying continuity of membranous structures and measurements of nucleus-cytoplasm exchange rates are proposed. Novel approaches for the measurements of lateral diffusion/molecular mobility and bindings using MALDI+FRAP/FLIP hybridization are proposed (“MALDI-FLIP-on-a-chip” and “MALDI-FRAP-on-a-flap”). FRAP (Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching) is a method for diffusion kinetics measurements in living cells using fluorescence microscopy which allows to estimate quantitatively 2D lateral diffusion in molecularly thin film containing fluorescent-labeled probes, or for single cell examination (i.e. the study of lateral mobility of cellular molecules). Fluorescence Loss in Photobleaching (FLIP) is a microscopic technique predominantly performed using laser scanning microscopy (e.g. for tagged protein local photobleaching by short, intensive laser excitation on CLSM platform) used for the studies on molecular mobility inside the cells and membranes. MALDI (Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization) is a soft ionization technique used in mass spectrometry, allowing for the analysis of biomolecules (biopolymers such as DNA, proteins, peptides and sugars) and large organic molecules (such as polymers, dendrimers and other macromolecules), which tend to be fragile and fragmented when ionized by more conventional ionization methods (according to encyclopedic definition). The above laser-based technique is readily compatible with MALDI or other LDI using the same laser beam for LDI (for example – MALDI) and FLIP.

URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516195555.pdf
Number of views: 1331      Download in PDF

4. Galina V. Kharitonova, Vladimir I. Kim, Angelina S. Stenina, Vladimir P. Shesterkin, Natalya S. Konovalova
Composition of the Middle Amur Ice Cores after Catastrophic Flooding in 2013

Biogeosystem Technique, 2017, 4(2): 189-206.
DOI: 10.13187/bgt.2017.2.189CrossRef

Content and composition of ice inclusions are the important characteristics of the redistribution of substance in river ecosystems, which allows taking into account transport of the inclusions matter during the spring ice drift. The data on the composition of the ice cores from the Middle Amur (Khabarovsk water node) after the extreme flooding in 2013 and its terrigenous, chemogenic (formed through chemical processes) and biogenic (diatoms) components are presented in this paper. The importance of the work lies in the fact that the impact on the river ecosystems of catastrophic floods, such as the 2013 flood on the Amur River, due to their uniqueness, has been extremely poorly studied. The analysis showed that the content of terrigenous material and its variation in ice thickness does not exceed the average multi-annual values. The particle-size distribution of the terrigenous material (on their volume and the number) corresponds to that of the river suspended matter, warps (silt deposits on the flood plain) and bottom sediments in the studied river area. Composition of diagnosed chemical inclusions (neoformations of calcite CaCO3 and pyrite FeS2), their number and size depends on the chemical composition of water during the freeze-up and redox conditions in the layer. Flooding had the main impact on biogenic inclusions (diatoms). The change of the leading species (from single population Aulacoseira islandica to Stephanodiscus hantzschii Coscinodiscophyceae class, Stephanodiscaceae family, genus Stephanodiscus) was fixed. This is one of the main indicators of structural and functional violations orderliness hydrobionts. The change in the composition of the leading species associated with the arrival of eutrophying substances and pollutants from the Sungari River (the largest tributary of Amur River) as a result of outcome flooding agricultural lands and residential territories.

URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516195586.pdf
Number of views: 1301      Download in PDF

5. Fedor N. Lisetskii
Peculiarities of Soils on the Sand Bar of the Evpatoria Group of Lakes

Biogeosystem Technique, 2017, 4(2): 207-219.
DOI: 10.13187/bgt.2017.2.207CrossRef

Ecosystems on the accumulative forms of relief occupy only 9 % of the total length of the coastal line of the Crimean Peninsula and they have become particularly vulnerable in the coastal areas, which are highly in demand for recreational purposes. The study had a goal – to study the morphological structure and physicochemical properties of uneven-aged soils, which are formed on the accumulative forms of the coasts of the North-Western Crimea. Estimation of the time of stabilization of undisturbed sections of transplantations under the conditions of continuous formation of soil-vegetation cover was made according to the average values of the thickness of the humus horizon of soils. Due to the low productivity of vegetation, which can be fixed on sands, the average rates of formation of the humus horizon of soils of the Crimean floods are low and vary from 0.54 to 1.55 mm/year, depending on the duration of pedogenesis. The study of the soil and plant covers on seven a narrow sand bar of the Evpatoria group of lakes showed a low morphological maturity of the formed soils (with age that is rarely more than a century) and its difference from the more differentiated functional maturity, which is due to the different content of carbonates. A relationship was established between the thickness of the humus horizon of the soils and the functional maturity (13 macro- and microelements accumulated as a result of pedogenesis) for soils with a calcium oxide content of not more than 18 %. The list of the most informative geochemical coefficients that generalize all scenarios of soil formation during renaturation of sands on the accumulative forms of the Black Sea coast was proposed. It is shown that the differences between the morphological and functional maturity of soils on sands are due to the inclusion of soil masses from the preceding stages of pedogenesis into modern profiles in conditions of high dynamism of pedolitogenesis, primarily due to active eolian processes in the coastal zone.

URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516195597.pdf
Number of views: 1275      Download in PDF

6. Jan Diek Van Mansvelt
Soil Fertility in Agriculture: Russia – Western Europe – USA: in the Past and Today

Biogeosystem Technique, 2017, 4(2): 220-231.
DOI: 10.13187/bgt.2017.2.220CrossRef

An overview is presented of how scientific agriculture perceived soils as stocks for minerals for crop production, and to what extend this perception, as it is accepted in agronomy, is considered as relevant in related scientific fields. In the nineteenth century the role of microbiology in soil ecosystems was revealed, the balance of crop remnants and manure conversion was studied, as well as seasonal crop feeding at different systems of manuring, crop rotation, tillage and mixed systems, to manage the balance of crop- and livestock production under low external input conditions. Particularly after World War II, the long-term experience of ‘living soils’ was ruined by the practice of excessive external inputs of agrochemicals – fertilisers and subsequently pesticides. On a minimized scale, soil-friendly agriculture was and still is present in organic and biodynamic movements, together with various other agro-ecological approaches, attempting to overcome the disadvantages of industrial agronomical agriculture. On this way the FAO declared the year 2015 as the year of soil, while very the same FAO had supported the chemical agriculture for decades in the recent past. This metamorphose has appeared because the shocking soil-destructive role of industrial agronomy causing soil degradation (soil erosion, poisoning and compaction) with flooding followed by drought – the total anthropogenous uncertainty of agricultural land and biosphere as a whole is now becoming more and more obvious. Today soil-ecosystem awareness arises in plant breeding, biosphere & climate, human health, rural development, manuring and phytopathology’s pesticide effects on soil ecosystems. In organic (agro-ecology) systems the main problem is the transition period, wherein the mentioned problems of soil compaction, dead-end porosity, low soil nitrogen production, low rate of crop remnants and manure conversion, soil productivity stagnation on the low level are critical. Over and again new approaches are needed to overcome the shortcomings of industrial agriculture and thus attain the higher level organic agriculture. It will be shown that organic/agro-ecological farming systems produce much better that usually known. Moreover, Biogeosystem Technique is a promising transcendental integral approach to overcome the conflict of technology and biosphere.

URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516195613.pdf
Number of views: 1292      Download in PDF

7. Jan Diek Van Mansvelt
In retrospect. The 1st Conference on Organic Agriculture, of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the All-Russian Research Institute of Phytopathology, in the Skolkovo Innovation Center, August 9–12, 2016]

Biogeosystem Technique, 2017, 4(2): 232-236.
DOI: 10.13187/bgt.2017.2.232CrossRef

The conference agenda was the vast field of Fundamental and applied research in Bioorganic Agriculture in Russia, CIS and the EU. The conference was dedicated to the blessed memory of the highly honored Russian Academician Alexander Alexandrovich Zhuchenko (1935 – ca 2013). Scientific work of A.A. Zhuchenko on crop adaptability is of highest significance for Bioorganic Agriculture to ensure a decent life way in harmony with nature not damaging an environment. The Conference’s focuses were: low external input agriculture, ecologically balanced and highly recycling agriculture, with pest prevention preferred over pesticide use. More than two hundred papers were presented on call of Conference successful organizer – Prof. Sulukhan K. Temirbekova – and collected in two tomes, of some 700 pages each – the huge interest to the issue. Very important protagonists of agro-ecology/organic agriculture were the participants of the Conference. The Resolution of conference assesses the contributions of all participants as valuable; recommend more attention & facilities for research and education in organic agriculture, the state regulation of IFOAM compliant standards for food production and processing, an annual or at least bi-annual international RAS conference on developments in organic agriculture, research and practice.

URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516195637.pdf
Number of views: 1293      Download in PDF

8. Sulukhan K. Temirbekova
International Scientific and Practical Conference: "Problems of Ecology and Agriculture in the 21st Century", dedicated to the 130th Anniversary of N.I. Vavilov

Biogeosystem Technique, 2017, 4(2): 237-241.
DOI: 10.13187/bgt.2017.2.237CrossRef

International Scientific and Practical Conference: "Problems of Ecology and Agriculture in the 21st Century", dedicated to the 130th anniversary of Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov was held on September 21–22, 2017 in the Presidential Hall of Russian Academy of Sciences. N.I. Vavilov has organized 180 expeditions to 65 countries (he didn’t visit only Australia and Antarctica), where collected the richest and unique world collection of cultivated plants – a gene bank of more than 250 thousand samples. To date, more than 70 % of the cultivars in Russia and other countries have been created on the basis of N.I. Vavilov collection. The collection is our national treasure. In the presentations and posters, the high importance and relevance of the Academician N.I. Vavilov scientific heritage, priority scientific directions and modern technologies in the field of agro-ecology, crop production, breeding, phytosanitary, genetics and biotechnology, biodiversity, environmental protection were voiced. The resolution of the conference contains an appeal to the President of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation, the State Duma of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation and the Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations on the need to formulate a strategy in the field of plant genetic resources, genetics and epigenetics, selection and seed production in the Russian Federation, to develop and improve the laws of the Russian Federation in the field of genetic resources, seed conservation, preservation and development of the scientific heritage of Academician N.I. Vavilov. On the suggestion of the Netherlands, a multi-purpose international agro-ecological project was initiated, oriented in accordance with Presidential Decree No. 642 of 1 December 2016 to overcome the great challenge of preserving and enhancing the biosphere – the development of genetic research, introduction, and overcoming the conflict of technology and the biosphere using Biogeosystem Technique.

URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516195654.pdf
Number of views: 1276      Download in PDF

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URL: http://ejournal19.com/journals_n/1516395512.pdf
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